Stroke Training and Awareness Resources (STARs)

The areas and functions of the brain

The brain is divided into several areas/lobes each responsible for carrying out different functions. Click on the picture below to learn more about these.

So the effects a person may experience following a stroke will depend on the area of the brain that has been damaged and the extent of that damage.

No two people will experience exactly the same problems.

  • The frontal lobe is involved in planning & organising, problem solving, personality including behaviour and emotions, and voluntary movement.
  • The parietal lobe is involved in processing sensations such as touch, pressure, temperature & pain, and the ability to understand spoken and or written language.
  • The occipital lobe is involved in processing visual information from the eyes.
  • The cerebellum is involved in coordinating smooth movement (balance and muscle coordination).
  • The Brain Stem is involved in most basic functions of life such as breathing, heart rate and blood pressure.
  • The temporal lobe is involved in ability to tell one smell from another and one sound from another, visual memory (memory for pictures & faces), and verbal memory (memory for words & names).

Page last reviewed: 09 Jan 2020