Health and weight

Introduction

  • Obesity is a major public health concern in Scotland and levels continue to rise.
  • Obesity is estimated to be linked to approximately 500,000 cases of high blood pressure and 30,000 cases of Type 2 diabetes in Scotland and those who are obese are 18% more likely to be admitted to hospital than people with a healthy weight (ISD Scotland, 2007).
  • Being overweight increases the risk of developing hypertension and diabetes but even a small reduction in weight has significant health benefits.
  • Losing and maintaining a 10% of body weight over 6 months has been shown to reduce the odds of type II diabetes by 30% and cardiovascular disease by 20% (Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, 2008) and reduce obesity-related mortality by 40% (SIGN 1996).
  • The aim of a weight management plan is to achieve a weight loss of 0.5-1kg per week.
  • This weight loss can be achieved by consuming a diet that has a 600 kcal/day deficit (an achievable and sustainable target).
  • Weight management programmes should include advice on increasing physical activity that is appropriate and sustainable.