Stroke Training and Awareness Resources (STARs)

Further information on cognitive problems

The diagram below gives more information on the cognitive problems listed on the previous page. It also illustrates which parts of the brain control these functions/processes.

The Parietal lobe is responsible for:
  • Perception – The process by which we organise and interpret ourselves and the environment around us
  • This includes:
    • Recognising depths and distances e.g. to pour a glass of water you need to know how far away the glass is to accurately fill it and know when the glass is full
    • Recognising the differences in textures and temperatures of objects
    • Recognising what you are hearing e.g. you hear a telephone ringing and know that it is a telephone and not a door bell
The Occipital lobe is responsible for:
  • Making sense of what you are seeing
The Temporal lobe is responsible for:
  • Memory – remembering what has happened/things to do; also remembering names and faces
  • Attention/Concentration – concentrating over time
The Frontal lobe is responsible for:
  • Planning/Organisation – such as making a meal or getting dressed
  • Motivation – getting started, initiation, keeping going
  • Socialising – appropriate social cultures and rules of interaction
  • Emotional ability – fluctuation, loss of emotional control e.g. laughing and crying

Page last reviewed: 30 Jan 2020